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Transactions

Database transactions are supported thanks to encode/databases which is used to issue async queries.

Basic usage

To use transactions use database.transaction as async context manager:

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async with database.transaction():
    # everyting called here will be one transaction
    await Model1().save()
    await Model2().save()
    ...

Note

Note that it has to be the same database that the one used in Model's Meta class.

To avoid passing database instance around in your code you can extract the instance from each Model. Database provided during declaration of ormar.Model is available through Meta.database and can be reached from both class and instance.

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import databases
import sqlalchemy
import ormar

metadata = sqlalchemy.MetaData()
database = databases.Database("sqlite:///")

class Author(ormar.Model):
    class Meta:
        database=database
        metadata=metadata

    id: int = ormar.Integer(primary_key=True)
    name: str = ormar.String(max_length=255)

# database is accessible from class
database = Author.Meta.database

# as well as from instance
author = Author(name="Stephen King")
database = author.Meta.database

You can also use .transaction() as a function decorator on any async function:

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@database.transaction()
async def create_users(request):
    ...

Transaction blocks are managed as task-local state. Nested transactions are fully supported, and are implemented using database savepoints.

Manual commits/ rollbacks

For a lower-level transaction API you can trigger it manually

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transaction = await database.transaction()
try:
    await transaction.start()
    ...
except:
    await transaction.rollback()
else:
    await transaction.commit()

Testing

Transactions can also be useful during testing when you can apply force rollback and you do not have to clean the data after each test.

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@pytest.mark.asyncio
async def sample_test():
    async with database:
        async with database.transaction(force_rollback=True):
            # your test code here
            ...