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Querying database with ormar

QuerySet

Each Model is auto registered with a QuerySet that represents the underlying query, and it's options.

Most of the methods are also available through many to many relations and on reverse foreign key relations through QuerysetProxy interface.

Info

To see which relations are supported and how to construct relations visit relations.

For simplicity available methods to fetch and save the data into the database are divided into categories according to the function they fulfill.

Note that some functions/methods are in multiple categories.

For completeness, Model and relation methods are listed.

To read more about any specific section or function please refer to the details subpage.

Insert data into database

  • create(**kwargs) -> Model
  • get_or_create(**kwargs) -> Model
  • update_or_create(**kwargs) -> Model
  • bulk_create(objects: List[Model]) -> None

  • Model

    • Model.save() method
    • Model.upsert() method
    • Model.save_related() method
  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.create(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.get_or_create(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.update_or_create(**kwargs) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit create section.

Read data from database

  • get(**kwargs) -> Model
  • get_or_none(**kwargs) -> Optional[Model]
  • get_or_create(**kwargs) -> Model
  • first() -> Model
  • all(**kwargs) -> List[Optional[Model]]

  • Model

    • Model.load() method
  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.get(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.get_or_none(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.get_or_create(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.first() method
    • QuerysetProxy.all(**kwargs) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit read section.

Read raw data from database

Instead of ormar models return raw data in form list of dictionaries or tuples.

  • values(fields = None, exclude_through = False) -> List[Dict]
  • values_list(fields = None, exclude_through = False, flatten = False) -> List

  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.values(fields = None, exclude_through = False) method
    • QuerysetProxy.values_list(fields = None, exclude_through= False, flatten = False) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit raw data section.

Update data in database

  • update(each: bool = False, **kwargs) -> int
  • update_or_create(**kwargs) -> Model
  • bulk_update(objects: List[Model], columns: List[str] = None) -> None

  • Model

    • Model.update() method
    • Model.upsert() method
    • Model.save_related() method
  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.update_or_create(**kwargs) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit update section.

Delete data from database

  • delete(each: bool = False, **kwargs) -> int

  • Model

    • Model.delete() method
  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.remove() method
    • QuerysetProxy.clear() method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit delete section.

Joins and subqueries

  • select_related(related: Union[List, str]) -> QuerySet
  • prefetch_related(related: Union[List, str]) -> QuerySet

  • Model

    • Model.load() method
  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.select_related(related: Union[List, str]) method
    • QuerysetProxy.prefetch_related(related: Union[List, str]) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit joins and subqueries section.

Filtering and sorting

  • filter(**kwargs) -> QuerySet
  • exclude(**kwargs) -> QuerySet
  • order_by(columns:Union[List, str]) -> QuerySet
  • get(**kwargs) -> Model
  • get_or_none(**kwargs) -> Optional[Model]
  • get_or_create(**kwargs) -> Model
  • all(**kwargs) -> List[Optional[Model]]

  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.filter(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.exclude(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.order_by(columns:Union[List, str]) method
    • QuerysetProxy.get(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.get_or_none(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.get_or_create(**kwargs) method
    • QuerysetProxy.all(**kwargs) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit filtering and sorting section.

Selecting columns

  • fields(columns: Union[List, str, set, dict]) -> QuerySet
  • exclude_fields(columns: Union[List, str, set, dict]) -> QuerySet

  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.fields(columns: Union[List, str, set, dict]) method
    • QuerysetProxy.exclude_fields(columns: Union[List, str, set, dict]) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit selecting columns section.

Pagination and rows number

  • paginate(page: int) -> QuerySet
  • limit(limit_count: int) -> QuerySet
  • offset(offset: int) -> QuerySet
  • get() -> Model
  • first() -> Model

  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.paginate(page: int) method
    • QuerysetProxy.limit(limit_count: int) method
    • QuerysetProxy.offset(offset: int) method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit pagination section.

Aggregated functions

  • count() -> int
  • exists() -> bool

  • QuerysetProxy

    • QuerysetProxy.count() method
    • QuerysetProxy.exists() method

Tip

To read more about any or all of those functions visit aggregations section.