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alias_manager

AliasManager

Keep all aliases of relations between different tables. One global instance is shared between all models.

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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class AliasManager:
    """
    Keep all aliases of relations between different tables.
    One global instance is shared between all models.
    """

    def __init__(self) -> None:
        self._aliases_new: Dict[str, str] = dict()
        self._reversed_aliases: Dict[str, str] = dict()
        self._prefixed_tables: Dict[str, text] = dict()

    def __contains__(self, item: str) -> bool:
        return self._aliases_new.__contains__(item)

    def __getitem__(self, key: str) -> Any:
        return self._aliases_new.__getitem__(key)

    @property
    def reversed_aliases(self) -> Dict:
        """
        Returns swapped key-value pairs from aliases where alias is the key.

        :return: dictionary of prefix to relation
        :rtype: Dict
        """
        if self._reversed_aliases:
            return self._reversed_aliases
        reversed_aliases = {v: k for k, v in self._aliases_new.items()}
        self._reversed_aliases = reversed_aliases
        return self._reversed_aliases

    @staticmethod
    def prefixed_columns(
        alias: str, table: sqlalchemy.Table, fields: List = None
    ) -> List[text]:
        """
        Creates a list of aliases sqlalchemy text clauses from
        string alias and sqlalchemy.Table.

        Optional list of fields to include can be passed to extract only those columns.
        List has to have sqlalchemy names of columns (ormar aliases) not the ormar ones.

        :param alias: alias of given table
        :type alias: str
        :param table: table from which fields should be aliased
        :type table: sqlalchemy.Table
        :param fields: fields to include
        :type fields: Optional[List[str]]
        :return: list of sqlalchemy text clauses with "column name as aliased name"
        :rtype: List[text]
        """
        alias = f"{alias}_" if alias else ""
        aliased_fields = [f"{alias}{x}" for x in fields] if fields else []
        all_columns = (
            table.columns
            if not fields
            else [
                col
                for col in table.columns
                if col.name in fields or col.name in aliased_fields
            ]
        )
        return [column.label(f"{alias}{column.name}") for column in all_columns]

    def prefixed_table_name(self, alias: str, table: sqlalchemy.Table) -> text:
        """
        Creates text clause with table name with aliased name.

        :param alias: alias of given table
        :type alias: str
        :param table: table
        :type table: sqlalchemy.Table
        :return: sqlalchemy text clause as "table_name aliased_name"
        :rtype: sqlalchemy text clause
        """
        full_alias = f"{alias}_{table.name}"
        key = f"{full_alias}_{id(table)}"
        return self._prefixed_tables.setdefault(key, table.alias(full_alias))

    def add_relation_type(
        self, source_model: Type["Model"], relation_name: str, reverse_name: str = None
    ) -> None:
        """
        Registers the relations defined in ormar models.
        Given the relation it registers also the reverse side of this relation.

        Used by both ForeignKey and ManyToMany relations.

        Each relation is registered as Model name and relation name.
        Each alias registered has to be unique.

        Aliases are used to construct joins to assure proper links between tables.
        That way you can link to the same target tables from multiple fields
        on one model as well as from multiple different models in one join.

        :param source_model: model with relation defined
        :type source_model: source Model
        :param relation_name: name of the relation to define
        :type relation_name: str
        :param reverse_name: name of related_name fo given relation for m2m relations
        :type reverse_name: Optional[str]
        :return: none
        :rtype: None
        """
        parent_key = f"{source_model.get_name()}_{relation_name}"
        if parent_key not in self._aliases_new:
            self.add_alias(parent_key)

        to_field = source_model.Meta.model_fields[relation_name]
        child_model = to_field.to
        child_key = f"{child_model.get_name()}_{reverse_name}"
        if child_key not in self._aliases_new:
            self.add_alias(child_key)

    def add_alias(self, alias_key: str) -> str:
        """
        Adds alias to the dictionary of aliases under given key.

        :param alias_key: key of relation to generate alias for
        :type alias_key: str
        :return: generated alias
        :rtype: str
        """
        alias = get_table_alias()
        self._aliases_new[alias_key] = alias
        return alias

    def resolve_relation_alias(
        self, from_model: Union[Type["Model"], Type["ModelRow"]], relation_name: str
    ) -> str:
        """
        Given model and relation name returns the alias for this relation.

        :param from_model: model with relation defined
        :type from_model: source Model
        :param relation_name: name of the relation field
        :type relation_name: str
        :return: alias of the relation
        :rtype: str
        """
        alias = self._aliases_new.get(f"{from_model.get_name()}_{relation_name}", "")
        return alias

    def resolve_relation_alias_after_complex(
        self,
        source_model: Union[Type["Model"], Type["ModelRow"]],
        relation_str: str,
        relation_field: "ForeignKeyField",
    ) -> str:
        """
        Given source model and relation string returns the alias for this complex
        relation if it exists, otherwise fallback to normal relation from a relation
        field definition.

        :param relation_field: field with direct relation definition
        :type relation_field: "ForeignKeyField"
        :param source_model: model with query starts
        :type source_model: source Model
        :param relation_str: string with relation joins defined
        :type relation_str: str
        :return: alias of the relation
        :rtype: str
        """
        alias = ""
        if relation_str and "__" in relation_str:
            alias = self.resolve_relation_alias(
                from_model=source_model, relation_name=relation_str
            )
        if not alias:
            alias = self.resolve_relation_alias(
                from_model=relation_field.get_source_model(),
                relation_name=relation_field.get_relation_name(),
            )
        return alias

add_alias(alias_key)

Adds alias to the dictionary of aliases under given key.

Parameters:

Name Type Description Default
alias_key str

key of relation to generate alias for

required

Returns:

Type Description
str

generated alias

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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def add_alias(self, alias_key: str) -> str:
    """
    Adds alias to the dictionary of aliases under given key.

    :param alias_key: key of relation to generate alias for
    :type alias_key: str
    :return: generated alias
    :rtype: str
    """
    alias = get_table_alias()
    self._aliases_new[alias_key] = alias
    return alias

add_relation_type(source_model, relation_name, reverse_name=None)

Registers the relations defined in ormar models. Given the relation it registers also the reverse side of this relation.

Used by both ForeignKey and ManyToMany relations.

Each relation is registered as Model name and relation name. Each alias registered has to be unique.

Aliases are used to construct joins to assure proper links between tables. That way you can link to the same target tables from multiple fields on one model as well as from multiple different models in one join.

Parameters:

Name Type Description Default
source_model Type['Model']

model with relation defined

required
relation_name str

name of the relation to define

required
reverse_name str

name of related_name fo given relation for m2m relations

None

Returns:

Type Description
None

none

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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def add_relation_type(
    self, source_model: Type["Model"], relation_name: str, reverse_name: str = None
) -> None:
    """
    Registers the relations defined in ormar models.
    Given the relation it registers also the reverse side of this relation.

    Used by both ForeignKey and ManyToMany relations.

    Each relation is registered as Model name and relation name.
    Each alias registered has to be unique.

    Aliases are used to construct joins to assure proper links between tables.
    That way you can link to the same target tables from multiple fields
    on one model as well as from multiple different models in one join.

    :param source_model: model with relation defined
    :type source_model: source Model
    :param relation_name: name of the relation to define
    :type relation_name: str
    :param reverse_name: name of related_name fo given relation for m2m relations
    :type reverse_name: Optional[str]
    :return: none
    :rtype: None
    """
    parent_key = f"{source_model.get_name()}_{relation_name}"
    if parent_key not in self._aliases_new:
        self.add_alias(parent_key)

    to_field = source_model.Meta.model_fields[relation_name]
    child_model = to_field.to
    child_key = f"{child_model.get_name()}_{reverse_name}"
    if child_key not in self._aliases_new:
        self.add_alias(child_key)

prefixed_columns(alias, table, fields=None) staticmethod

Creates a list of aliases sqlalchemy text clauses from string alias and sqlalchemy.Table.

Optional list of fields to include can be passed to extract only those columns. List has to have sqlalchemy names of columns (ormar aliases) not the ormar ones.

Parameters:

Name Type Description Default
alias str

alias of given table

required
table sqlalchemy.Table

table from which fields should be aliased

required
fields List

fields to include

None

Returns:

Type Description
List[text]

list of sqlalchemy text clauses with "column name as aliased name"

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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@staticmethod
def prefixed_columns(
    alias: str, table: sqlalchemy.Table, fields: List = None
) -> List[text]:
    """
    Creates a list of aliases sqlalchemy text clauses from
    string alias and sqlalchemy.Table.

    Optional list of fields to include can be passed to extract only those columns.
    List has to have sqlalchemy names of columns (ormar aliases) not the ormar ones.

    :param alias: alias of given table
    :type alias: str
    :param table: table from which fields should be aliased
    :type table: sqlalchemy.Table
    :param fields: fields to include
    :type fields: Optional[List[str]]
    :return: list of sqlalchemy text clauses with "column name as aliased name"
    :rtype: List[text]
    """
    alias = f"{alias}_" if alias else ""
    aliased_fields = [f"{alias}{x}" for x in fields] if fields else []
    all_columns = (
        table.columns
        if not fields
        else [
            col
            for col in table.columns
            if col.name in fields or col.name in aliased_fields
        ]
    )
    return [column.label(f"{alias}{column.name}") for column in all_columns]

prefixed_table_name(alias, table)

Creates text clause with table name with aliased name.

Parameters:

Name Type Description Default
alias str

alias of given table

required
table sqlalchemy.Table

table

required

Returns:

Type Description
sqlalchemy text clause

sqlalchemy text clause as "table_name aliased_name"

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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def prefixed_table_name(self, alias: str, table: sqlalchemy.Table) -> text:
    """
    Creates text clause with table name with aliased name.

    :param alias: alias of given table
    :type alias: str
    :param table: table
    :type table: sqlalchemy.Table
    :return: sqlalchemy text clause as "table_name aliased_name"
    :rtype: sqlalchemy text clause
    """
    full_alias = f"{alias}_{table.name}"
    key = f"{full_alias}_{id(table)}"
    return self._prefixed_tables.setdefault(key, table.alias(full_alias))

resolve_relation_alias(from_model, relation_name)

Given model and relation name returns the alias for this relation.

Parameters:

Name Type Description Default
from_model Union[Type['Model'], Type['ModelRow']]

model with relation defined

required
relation_name str

name of the relation field

required

Returns:

Type Description
str

alias of the relation

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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def resolve_relation_alias(
    self, from_model: Union[Type["Model"], Type["ModelRow"]], relation_name: str
) -> str:
    """
    Given model and relation name returns the alias for this relation.

    :param from_model: model with relation defined
    :type from_model: source Model
    :param relation_name: name of the relation field
    :type relation_name: str
    :return: alias of the relation
    :rtype: str
    """
    alias = self._aliases_new.get(f"{from_model.get_name()}_{relation_name}", "")
    return alias

resolve_relation_alias_after_complex(source_model, relation_str, relation_field)

Given source model and relation string returns the alias for this complex relation if it exists, otherwise fallback to normal relation from a relation field definition.

Parameters:

Name Type Description Default
relation_field 'ForeignKeyField'

field with direct relation definition

required
source_model Union[Type['Model'], Type['ModelRow']]

model with query starts

required
relation_str str

string with relation joins defined

required

Returns:

Type Description
str

alias of the relation

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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def resolve_relation_alias_after_complex(
    self,
    source_model: Union[Type["Model"], Type["ModelRow"]],
    relation_str: str,
    relation_field: "ForeignKeyField",
) -> str:
    """
    Given source model and relation string returns the alias for this complex
    relation if it exists, otherwise fallback to normal relation from a relation
    field definition.

    :param relation_field: field with direct relation definition
    :type relation_field: "ForeignKeyField"
    :param source_model: model with query starts
    :type source_model: source Model
    :param relation_str: string with relation joins defined
    :type relation_str: str
    :return: alias of the relation
    :rtype: str
    """
    alias = ""
    if relation_str and "__" in relation_str:
        alias = self.resolve_relation_alias(
            from_model=source_model, relation_name=relation_str
        )
    if not alias:
        alias = self.resolve_relation_alias(
            from_model=relation_field.get_source_model(),
            relation_name=relation_field.get_relation_name(),
        )
    return alias

reversed_aliases() property

Returns swapped key-value pairs from aliases where alias is the key.

Returns:

Type Description
Dict

dictionary of prefix to relation

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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@property
def reversed_aliases(self) -> Dict:
    """
    Returns swapped key-value pairs from aliases where alias is the key.

    :return: dictionary of prefix to relation
    :rtype: Dict
    """
    if self._reversed_aliases:
        return self._reversed_aliases
    reversed_aliases = {v: k for k, v in self._aliases_new.items()}
    self._reversed_aliases = reversed_aliases
    return self._reversed_aliases

get_table_alias()

Creates a random string that is used to alias tables in joins. It's necessary that each relation has it's own aliases cause you can link to the same target tables from multiple fields on one model as well as from multiple different models in one join.

Returns:

Type Description
str

randomly generated alias

Source code in ormar/relations/alias_manager.py
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def get_table_alias() -> str:
    """
    Creates a random string that is used to alias tables in joins.
    It's necessary that each relation has it's own aliases cause you can link
    to the same target tables from multiple fields on one model as well as from
    multiple different models in one join.

    :return: randomly generated alias
    :rtype: str
    """
    alias = "".join(choices(string.ascii_uppercase, k=2)) + uuid.uuid4().hex[:4]
    return alias.lower()