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filter_action

FilterAction

Bases: QueryAction

Filter Actions is populated by queryset when filter() is called.

All required params are extracted but kept raw until actual filter clause value is required -> then the action is converted into text() clause.

Extracted in order to easily change table prefixes on complex relations.

Source code in ormar/queryset/actions/filter_action.py
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class FilterAction(QueryAction):
    """
    Filter Actions is populated by queryset when filter() is called.

    All required params are extracted but kept raw until actual filter clause value
    is required -> then the action is converted into text() clause.

    Extracted in order to easily change table prefixes on complex relations.
    """

    def __init__(self, filter_str: str, value: Any, model_cls: Type["Model"]) -> None:
        super().__init__(query_str=filter_str, model_cls=model_cls)
        self.filter_value = value
        self._escape_characters_in_clause()

    def has_escaped_characters(self) -> bool:
        """Check if value is a string that contains characters to escape"""
        return isinstance(self.filter_value, str) and any(
            c for c in ESCAPE_CHARACTERS if c in self.filter_value
        )

    def _split_value_into_parts(self, query_str: str) -> None:
        parts = query_str.split("__")
        if parts[-1] in FILTER_OPERATORS:
            self.operator = parts[-1]
            self.field_name = parts[-2]
            self.related_parts = parts[:-2]
        else:
            self.operator = "exact"
            self.field_name = parts[-1]
            self.related_parts = parts[:-1]

    def _escape_characters_in_clause(self) -> None:
        """
        Escapes the special characters ["%", "_"] if needed.
        Adds `%` for `like` queries.

        :raises QueryDefinitionError: if contains or icontains is used with
        ormar model instance
        :return: escaped value and flag if escaping is needed
        :rtype: Tuple[Any, bool]
        """
        self.has_escaped_character = False
        if self.operator in [
            "contains",
            "icontains",
            "startswith",
            "istartswith",
            "endswith",
            "iendswith",
        ]:
            if isinstance(self.filter_value, ormar.Model):
                raise QueryDefinitionError(
                    "You cannot use contains and icontains with instance of the Model"
                )
            self.has_escaped_character = self.has_escaped_characters()
            if self.has_escaped_character:
                self._escape_chars()
            self._prefix_suffix_quote()

    def _escape_chars(self) -> None:
        """Actually replaces chars to escape in value"""
        for char in ESCAPE_CHARACTERS:
            self.filter_value = self.filter_value.replace(char, f"\\{char}")

    def _prefix_suffix_quote(self) -> None:
        """
        Adds % to the beginning of the value if operator checks for containment and not
        starts with.

        Adds % to the end of the value if operator checks for containment and not
        end with.
        :return:
        :rtype:
        """
        prefix = "%" if "start" not in self.operator else ""
        sufix = "%" if "end" not in self.operator else ""
        self.filter_value = f"{prefix}{self.filter_value}{sufix}"

    def get_text_clause(self) -> sqlalchemy.sql.expression.BinaryExpression:
        """
        Escapes characters if it's required.
        Substitutes values of the models if value is a ormar Model with its pk value.
        Compiles the clause.

        :return: complied and escaped clause
        :rtype: sqlalchemy.sql.elements.TextClause
        """
        if isinstance(self.filter_value, ormar.Model):
            self.filter_value = self.filter_value.pk

        op_attr = FILTER_OPERATORS[self.operator]
        if self.operator == "isnull":
            op_attr = "is_" if self.filter_value else "isnot"
            filter_value = None
        else:
            filter_value = self.filter_value
        if self.table_prefix:
            aliased_table = self.source_model.Meta.alias_manager.prefixed_table_name(
                self.table_prefix, self.column.table
            )
            aliased_column = getattr(aliased_table.c, self.column.name)
        else:
            aliased_column = self.column
        clause = getattr(aliased_column, op_attr)(filter_value)
        if self.has_escaped_character:
            clause.modifiers["escape"] = "\\"
        return clause

get_text_clause()

Escapes characters if it's required. Substitutes values of the models if value is a ormar Model with its pk value. Compiles the clause.

Returns:

Type Description
sqlalchemy.sql.elements.TextClause

complied and escaped clause

Source code in ormar/queryset/actions/filter_action.py
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def get_text_clause(self) -> sqlalchemy.sql.expression.BinaryExpression:
    """
    Escapes characters if it's required.
    Substitutes values of the models if value is a ormar Model with its pk value.
    Compiles the clause.

    :return: complied and escaped clause
    :rtype: sqlalchemy.sql.elements.TextClause
    """
    if isinstance(self.filter_value, ormar.Model):
        self.filter_value = self.filter_value.pk

    op_attr = FILTER_OPERATORS[self.operator]
    if self.operator == "isnull":
        op_attr = "is_" if self.filter_value else "isnot"
        filter_value = None
    else:
        filter_value = self.filter_value
    if self.table_prefix:
        aliased_table = self.source_model.Meta.alias_manager.prefixed_table_name(
            self.table_prefix, self.column.table
        )
        aliased_column = getattr(aliased_table.c, self.column.name)
    else:
        aliased_column = self.column
    clause = getattr(aliased_column, op_attr)(filter_value)
    if self.has_escaped_character:
        clause.modifiers["escape"] = "\\"
    return clause

has_escaped_characters()

Check if value is a string that contains characters to escape

Source code in ormar/queryset/actions/filter_action.py
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def has_escaped_characters(self) -> bool:
    """Check if value is a string that contains characters to escape"""
    return isinstance(self.filter_value, str) and any(
        c for c in ESCAPE_CHARACTERS if c in self.filter_value
    )